Suvarnabhumi

Pali: Suvaṇṇabhūmi — is the name of a land mentioned in many ancient Buddhist sources. Meaning “Land of Gold”, it is thought to refer to Insular Southeast Asia or to Southern India.

in Thailand, the ancient land of Survarnamubhumi or Suvannabhumi in the Pali-Buddhist language, is believed to include all of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and the South of Vietnam and China.
— https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bVwt_sYQ3V0

monkey mind

kapicitta – having a monkey’s mind” (meaning capricious, or fickle; easily distracted; jumping from place to place.)

Sources of the concept in the suttas;
-https://fakebuddhaquotes.com/we-all-have-monkey-minds/

“Monkey mind is a term that refers to what in Pali is called papanca or conceptual proliferation:”
-https://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?t=29256#p420557

Schools of Buddhism

In the sense of “traditions” or “lineages”. It is difficult to do justice to each path of Buddhism in a summary, but one that might be useful is:

Theravada, or “Pali tradition”, is based upon the Pali Canon as its sole scriptual source. It’s no b.s., cut-to-the-chase. Anapanasati and vipassana are key.
Mahayana, or “Sanskrit tradition”, covers numerous schools. Mahayana has Sanskrit scriptural sources outside of the Pali Canon.
Well-known branches of Mahayana are Tibetan Buddhism and Zen Buddhism.
Tibetan Buddhism is heavy in culture and rituals, with colorful iconography. Its meditation practices use more visualisation and imagery. It has many sub-schools of its own.
Zen is another form that goes in the other direction — it is very straightforward and emphasizes zazen.

As it is human nature to find many paths to the same truth, there are many sub-schools as well. Going deeply into each one seems to find one right back at the same central concepts.

Good discussions of the different schools of Buddhism:
http://newbuddhist.com/discussion/4346
http://newbuddhist.com/discussion/4605/theravada-mahayana-buddhism-big-difference

Theravāda

Branch of Buddhism that uses the Buddha’s teachings as preserved in the Pāli Canon. It is also known more usefully as the “Pāli tradition”. The word “Theravāda” means “Doctrine of the Elders”, or literally “elder’s speaking”.

It is the dominant religion of Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia.

“Hinayana” is a somewhat insulting Sanskrit name for Theravāda, coined by some who thought their way was superior to it.

tathāgata

The Buddha – “thus gone” – “arrived at suchness (reality beyond definition)” – “thus in being”

tatha – truth; reality; being
gata – gone; rooted in

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tath%C4%81gata
https://buddhism.stackexchange.com/questions/1629/why-does-the-buddha-call-himself-the-tath%c4%81gata

kammatthana

Literally, “basis of work” or “place of work.” The term is most often used specifically to identify the Thai Forest Tradition, that is, the forest tradition lineage founded by Phra Ajaans Mun and Sao. For an introduction to the history of the Kammatthana Tradition, see the essay “The Customs of the Noble Ones,” by Thanissaro Bhikkhu. PDF – https://www.dhammatalks.org/Archive/Writings/CrossIndexed/Uncollected/MiscEssays/The%20Customs%20of%20the%20Noble%20Ones.pdf

desire

“The Buddha spoke of two kinds of desire: desire that arises from ignorance and delusion, which is called tanha, craving, and desire that arises from wisdom and intelligence, which is called kusala-chanda, or dhamma-chanda, or most simply chanda.” — Ajahan Jayasaro, https://www.lionsroar.com/just-do-it/

wise

“Wise” just means “skillful” — things that work. Like — wise effort, concentration, and mindfulness when crossing the street means, look both ways, watch for cars, keep alert for unexpected events.

dhutaṅga

renunciation

Thai tudong

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhutanga

a group of thirteen austerities or ascetic practices most commonly observed by the practitioners of the Thai Forest Tradition of Theravada Buddhism. While the Buddha did not require these practices, they were recommended for those wanting to practice greater asceticism.

cankama

Walking meditation, usually in the form of walking back and forth along a prescribed path.