Pali: Suvaṇṇabhūmi — is the name of a land mentioned in many ancient Buddhist sources. Meaning “Land of Gold”, it is thought to refer to Insular Southeast Asia or to Southern India.

in Thailand, the ancient land of Survarnamubhumi or Suvannabhumi in the Pali-Buddhist language, is believed to include all of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and the South of Vietnam and China.

monkey mind

kapicitta – having a monkey’s mind” (meaning capricious, or fickle; easily distracted; jumping from place to place.)

Sources of the concept in the suttas;

“Monkey mind is a term that refers to what in Pali is called papanca or conceptual proliferation:”

Schools of Buddhism

In the sense of “traditions” or “lineages”. It is difficult to do justice to each path of Buddhism in a summary, but one that might be useful is:

Theravada, or “Pali tradition”, is based upon the Pali Canon as its sole scriptual source. It’s no b.s., cut-to-the-chase. Anapanasati and vipassana are key.
Mahayana, or “Sanskrit tradition”, covers numerous schools. Mahayana has Sanskrit scriptural sources outside of the Pali Canon.
Well-known branches of Mahayana are Tibetan Buddhism and Zen Buddhism.
Tibetan Buddhism is heavy in culture and rituals, with colorful iconography. Its meditation practices use more visualisation and imagery. It has many sub-schools of its own.
Zen is another form that goes in the other direction — it is very straightforward and emphasizes zazen.

As it is human nature to find many paths to the same truth, there are many sub-schools as well. Going deeply into each one seems to find one right back at the same central concepts.

Good discussions of the different schools of Buddhism:


“The Buddha spoke of two kinds of desire: desire that arises from ignorance and delusion, which is called tanha, craving, and desire that arises from wisdom and intelligence, which is called kusala-chanda, or dhamma-chanda, or most simply chanda.” — Ajahan Jayasaro,


“Wise” just means “skillful” — things that work. Like — wise effort, concentration, and mindfulness when crossing the street means, look both ways, watch for cars, keep alert for unexpected events.


“The act of withdrawing, as into safety or privacy; retirement; seclusion.”

A spiritual retreat allows us to withdraw from the day-to-day world and concentrate on spiritual practices.


To “practice” is to repeat an activity in order to improve one’s skill. When learning a sport, or a language, or how to drive a car, we spend a lot of time at the beginning repeating, or practicing, different actions and exercises. We do this so that when the time comes to do the real thing, our action will be automatic and easy.

Since the purpose of Buddhism is to manage our entire life, we are practicing all the time!

Here are some good sources of information about Buddhist practice:

( th: การปฏิบัติ | pi: paricaya | sa: charyaa )

Thai Forest Tradition

The Thai Forest Tradition is a lineage of Pali tradition (also known as Theravada) Buddhist monasticism, with emphasis of the ideas that the mind precedes the world, the Buddhist path is a training regimen for the mind, and the objective is to reach proficiency in a diverse range of both meditative techniques and aspects of conduct.

In Thailand it is called The Kammaṭṭhāna Forest Tradition.

The tradition and practices began about 1900 with Ajahn Mun Bhuridatto and Ajahn Sao Kantasilo. In the 1960s it was popularised by Ajahn Chah and Ajahn Sumedho, who founded [drg_link link= title=”go to website at”]Wat Pah Nanachat[/drg_link] in Ubon Ratchatani. In the 1980s the Forest Tradition of Ajahn Chah expanded to the West with the founding of Amaravati Buddhist Monastery in the UK, and has since expanded to cover Canada, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, and the United States.

( pi: kammaṭṭhāna | en: place of work )
( pi: araññavasi | en: “one who dwells in the forest”; forest-dwelling monk; the forest order


Our faculties of consciousness, perception, thinking, judgment, language, and memory. There is a lengthy tradition in philosophy, religion, psychology, and cognitive science of discussing and working out what constitutes a mind and what are its distinguishing properties. In Pali and Sanskrit, the concept of “mind” is shared by citta, manas, and viññāṇa.

Citta at Wikipedia

All the rest is commentary

“All the rest is commentary. Now go and learn.”
— Hillel (Shabbos 31A)