In Thailand is called The Kammaṭṭhāna Forest Tradition of Thailand. A lineage of Theravada (also known as Pali tradition) Buddhist monasticism, with emphasis of the ideas that the mind precedes the world, the Buddhist path as a training regimen for the mind, and the objective to reach proficiency in a diverse range of both meditative techniques and aspects of conduct.
Began circa 1900 with Ajahn Mun Bhuridatto and Ajahn Sao Kantasilo. In the 1960s was popularised by Ajahn Chah and Ajahn Sumedho, who founded Wat Pah Nanachat in Ubon Ratchatani. In the 1980s the Forest Tradition of Ajahn Chah expanded to the West with the founding of Amaravati Buddhist Monastery in the UK, and has since expanded to cover Canada, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, and the United States.
( pi: kammaṭṭhāna | en: place of work )
( pi: araññavasi | en: “one who dwells in the forest”; forest-dwelling monk; the forest order